Definition of


  1. (verb, cognition) take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
  2. (verb, social) take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities
  3. (verb, change) take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
    The story took a new turn
    he adopted an air of superiority
    She assumed strange manners
    The gods assume human or animal form in these fables
  4. (verb, possession) take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
    She agreed to bear the responsibility
  5. (verb, motion) occupy or take on
    She took her seat on the stage
    We took our seats in the orchestra
    She took up her position behind the tree
    strike a pose
  6. (verb, possession) seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession
    he usurped my rights
    She seized control of the throne after her husband died
  7. (verb, creation) make a pretence of
    he feigned sleep
  8. (verb, contact) take up someone's soul into heaven
  9. (verb, body) put clothing on one's body
    He put on his best suit for the wedding
    The princess donned a long blue dress
    The queen assumed the stately robes
    He got into his jeans

via WordNet, Princeton University

Origin of the word Assume

  1. mid-15c., "to receive up into heaven" (especially of the Virgin Mary, e.g. Feast of the Assumption, celebrated Aug. 15, attested from c.1300), from L. assumere "to take up," from ad- "to, up" + sumere "to take," from sub "under" + emere "to take" (see exempt). Early pp. was assumpt. Meaning "to suppose" is first recorded 1590s. I… more

via Online Etymology Dictionary, ©2001 Douglas Harper

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