Definition of

Compound

  1. (noun, cognition) a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
  2. (noun, substance) (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
  3. (noun, artifact) an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient)
  4. (verb, change) make more intense, stronger, or more marked
    Her rudeness intensified his dislike for her
    Pot smokers claim it heightens their awareness
    This event only deepened my convictions
  5. (verb, change) put or add together
  6. (verb, possession) calculate principal and interest
  7. (verb, creation) create by mixing or combining
  8. (verb, contact) combine so as to form a whole; mix
  9. (adj, all) composed of more than one part
    compound flower heads
  10. (adj, all) consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts
    housetop is a compound word
    a blackberry is a compound fruit
  11. (adj, all) composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony

via WordNet, Princeton University

Antonyms of Compound

simple

Alternate forms of Compound

Derivations: compound, compounding

Hyponyms: acceptor, acid, adduct, alkali, allomorph, aluminate, ammine, amplify, anhydride, anionic compound, antiknock, arsenide, azide, base, benzofuran, benzoquinone, binary compound, bitter principle, buffer, calcium-cyanamide, carbon disulfide, carbonyl, carburet, caustic, cementite, chloride, chloropicrin, chromogen, cofactor, complex, coordination compound, corrosive, coumarone, cumarone, cyanamide, defoliant, depilatory, derivative, dimer, enamel, enantiomer, enantiomorph, enhance, exotherm, fan, fixer, fixing agent, flavone, formulation, goitrogen, heat up, heighten, heterocycle, heterocyclic, heterocyclic compound, heterodyne, hot up, hydrate, hydrated oxide, hydrogen cyanide, hydroxide, incense, incorporate, inorganic compound, integrate, iodocompound, iron carbide, isomer, manganese tetroxide, menthol, mix, monomer, nitrate, nitride, nitrochloroform, nitrogen mustard, organic compound, oxide, ozonide, polymer, pregnanediol, preparation, preservative, quinone, raise, recombine, repellant, repellent, salt, screw up, sharpen, silicide, siloxane, solvate, sternutator, sternutatory, stripper, sulfide, sulfurette, sulphide, sulphurette, synthesise, synthesize, synthetic, synthetic substance, taurine, telluride, tenderiser, tenderizer, tetrachloride, totalise, totalize, triazine, u308, vanillin, yellowcake

Hypernyms: account, add, amalgamate, assemble, calculate, chemical, chemical substance, commix, enclosure, increase, mingle, mix, piece, put together, set up, tack, tack together, unify, whole

Origin of the word Compound

  1. "to put together," late 14c., from O.Fr. compon(d)re "arrange, direct," from L. componere "to put together" (see composite). The -d appeared 1500s on model of expound, etc. The adj. is c.1400; compound eye is attested from 1836; compound sentence is from 1772. The noun meaning "a compound thing" is from 1530. more
  2. 1679, from Du. (kampoeng) or Port., from Malay kampong "village, group of buildings." Spelling infl. bycompound (v.). Originally, "the enclosure for a factory or settlement of Europeans in the East," later used of S.African diamond miners' camps (1893), then of large fenced-in spaces generally (1946). more

via Online Etymology Dictionary, ©2001 Douglas Harper

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