Definition of


  1. (noun, act) a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely
    their first tally came in the 3rd inning
  2. (noun, act) the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace
    his daily run keeps him fit
  3. (noun, act) a regular trip
  4. (noun, act) a short trip
  5. (noun, act) (American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team
    the coach put great emphasis on running
  6. (noun, act) the act of testing something
    he called each flip of the coin a new trial
  7. (noun, attribute) an unbroken chronological sequence
    the team enjoyed a brief run of victories
  8. (noun, event) the pouring forth of a fluid
  9. (noun, event) a row of unravelled stitches
  10. (noun, event) a race run on foot
  11. (noun, event) a race between candidates for elective office
    he is raising money for a Senate run
  12. (noun, group) an unbroken series of events
    Nicklaus had a run of birdies
  13. (noun, object) a small stream
  14. (noun, quantity) the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.)
  15. (noun, state) unrestricted freedom to use
  16. (noun, time) the continuous period of time during which something (a machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation
  17. (verb, change) become undone
  18. (verb, change) come unraveled or undone as if by snagging
  19. (verb, change) reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating
    melt down gold
    The wax melted in the sun
  20. (verb, change) cause to perform
    run a process
  21. (verb, change) progress by being changed
    run through your presentation before the meeting
  22. (verb, change) change from one state to another
    run rogue
    run riot
  23. (verb, competition) compete in a race
    let's race and see who gets there first
  24. (verb, competition) run, stand, or compete for an office or a position
  25. (verb, competition) pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals)
    The dogs are running deer
    The Duke hunted in these woods
  26. (verb, contact) pass over, across, or through
    She ran her fingers along the carved figurine
    He drew her hair through his fingers
  27. (verb, contact) perform as expected when applied
    Does this old car still run well?
    This old radio doesn't work anymore
  28. (verb, contact) be operating, running or functioning
  29. (verb, creation) carry out
  30. (verb, creation) cause to emit recorded audio or video
    I'll play you my favorite record
    He never tires of playing that video
  31. (verb, creation) include as the content; broadcast or publicize
    This paper carries a restaurant review
    All major networks carried the press conference
  32. (verb, motion) travel a route regularly
  33. (verb, motion) cover by running; run a certain distance
  34. (verb, motion) move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground at any given time
    The children ran to the store
  35. (verb, motion) travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means
    She always runs to Italy, because she has a lover there
  36. (verb, motion) run with the ball; in such sports as football
  37. (verb, motion) keep company
  38. (verb, motion) sail before the wind
  39. (verb, motion) be diffused
  40. (verb, motion) move along, of liquids
    the Missouri feeds into the Mississippi
  41. (verb, motion) flee; take to one's heels; cut and run
    The burglars escaped before the police showed up
  42. (verb, motion) cause an animal to move fast
  43. (verb, motion) move about freely and without restraint, or act as if running around in an uncontrolled way
    She runs around telling everyone of her troubles
    let the dogs run free
  44. (verb, possession) deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor
  45. (verb, social) set animals loose to graze
  46. (verb, social) direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.
  47. (verb, social) make without a miss
  48. (verb, social) carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine
    run a new program on the Mac
    the computer executed the instruction
  49. (verb, stative) occur persistently
  50. (verb, stative) continue to exist
    The legend of Elvis endures
  51. (verb, stative) extend or continue for a certain period of time
  52. (verb, stative) stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point
    His knowledge doesn't go very far
    My memory extends back to my fourth year of life
    The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets
  53. (verb, stative) cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  54. (verb, stative) have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
    These dresses run small
    He inclined to corpulence
  55. (verb, stative) be affected by; be subjected to
    run a risk
  56. (verb, stative) have a particular form
    as the saying goes...
  57. (verb, stative) change or be different within limits
    Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent
    The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals
    My students range from very bright to dull

via WordNet, Princeton University

Antonyms of Run


Alternate forms of Run

Derivations: run, runner, running, runny

Hyponyms: ambush, assay, audition, block, boat-race, campaign, campaign for governor, carry over, circulate, clinical test, clinical trial, clip, come, course, crock, cross-file, cut, dash, double, double blind, drain, draw, draw play, dribble, drive, earned run, eddy, end run, escape, falcon, ferret, field trial, filter, financier, fitting, flee, flush, fly, forage, fowl, foxhunt, fun run, funrun, fuse, go deep, go far, governor's race, gravitate, gush, gutter, hare, hawk, horse-race, jack, jacklight, jet, jog, leak, leakage, lope, losing streak, marathon, ministry of transportation test, mot, mot test, obstacle race, ooze, outflow, outrun, pilot program, pilot project, place, poach, pour, preclinical phase, preclinical test, preclinical trial, press run, print run, purl, rabbit, radiate, ray, rbi, register, render, rerun, return, reverberate, reverse, roll, romp, rub, run, run bases, run batted in, run down, run off, run out, run-time, rush, rushing, scamper, scrounge, scurry, scuttle, seal, seep, senate campaign, senate race, serve, service, show, skedaddle, skitter, snellen test, snipe, speed skate, spill, spirt, sprint, spurt, squirt, steeplechase, step, still-hunt, streak, stream, stump, suffer, surge, sweep, swirl, take flight, take kindly to, thread, tide, track event, trickle, trot, try, try-on, trying on, tryout, turtle, unearned run, warm up, waste, well out, whale, whirl, whirlpool, whistlestop, winning streak, work

Hypernyms: accompany, accomplish, action, apply, attempt, be, become, break, break up, bring home the bacon, broadcast, capture, carry out, carry through, catch, change, chronological sequence, chronological succession, circularise, circularize, circulate, come apart, come through, compete, contend, continue, damage, deliver the goods, diffuse, direct, disintegrate, disperse, displace, disseminate, dissolve, distribute, effort, endeavor, endeavour, endure, enforce, execute, fall apart, fan out, flow, flowing, football play, free, fulfil, fulfill, function, get, go, go across, go away, go forth, go through, harm, hurry, impairment, implement, incur, indefinite quantity, jaunt, last, leave, liberate, liberty, locomote, locomotion, loose, make pass, merchandise, move, occur, operate, pass, pass around, period, period of time, process, propagate, race, release, resolve, run, sail, score, separate, sequence, speed, split up, spread, spread out, stream, succeed, succession, successiveness, time period, trade, travel, travel rapidly, treat, trip, try, unloose, unloosen, vie, watercourse, win, work, zip

Origin of the word Run

  1. the modern verb is a merger of two related O.E. words. The first is rinnan, irnan (strong, intransitive, pt. ran, pp. runnen), from P.Gmc. *renwanan (cf. M.Du. runnen, O.S., O.H.G., Goth. rinnan, Ger. rinnen "to flow, run"), both from PIE *ri-ne-a-, nasalized form of base *reie- "to flow, run" (see Rhine). The sense… more
  2. "spell of running," mid-15c. (earlier ren, late 14c.), from run (v.). Sense of "small stream" first recorded 1580s, mostly Northern English dialect and Amer.Eng. Meaning "series or rush of demands on a bank, etc." is first recorded 1690s. Baseball sense is from 1856. Meaning "single trip by a railroad train" is from 1857. Military aircraft sense is from 1916. Meaning "to… more

via Online Etymology Dictionary, ©2001 Douglas Harper

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