Definition of


  1. (noun, act) taking a short walk out and back
  2. (noun, act) turning or twisting around (in place)
  3. (noun, act) the act of turning away or in the opposite direction
  4. (noun, act) the act of changing or reversing the direction of the course
  5. (noun, act) (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession
    it is still my play
  6. (noun, act) a favor for someone
  7. (noun, communication) a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program
    she had a catchy little routine
    it was one of the best numbers he ever did
  8. (noun, event) a movement in a new direction
  9. (noun, event) an unforeseen development
  10. (noun, shape) a circular segment of a curve
    a crook in the path
  11. (noun, time) (sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive
  12. (noun, time) a time for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else)
    a spell of work
  13. (verb, body) twist suddenly so as to sprain
    The wrestler twisted his shoulder
    the hikers sprained their ankles when they fell
    I turned my ankle and couldn't walk for several days
  14. (verb, change) pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become
    She grew angry
  15. (verb, change) change to the contrary
    the tides turned against him
    public opinion turned when it was revealed that the president had an affair with a White House intern
  16. (verb, change) undergo a transformation or a change of position or action
    The people turned against the President when he stole the election
  17. (verb, change) become officially one year older
  18. (verb, change) change color
  19. (verb, change) go sour or spoil
    The wine worked
    The cream has turned--we have to throw it out
  20. (verb, communication) have recourse to or make an appeal or request for help or information to
    She turned to her relatives for help
  21. (verb, competition) direct at someone
    They turned their flashlights on the car
  22. (verb, contact) alter the functioning or setting of
    turn the heat down
  23. (verb, contact) cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form
    twist the dough into a braid
    the strong man could turn an iron bar
  24. (verb, contact) let (something) fall or spill from a container
  25. (verb, contact) shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel
    turn the clay on the wheel
  26. (verb, creation) to break and turn over earth especially with a plow
    turn the earth in the Spring
  27. (verb, motion) change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense
    The mugger turned and fled before I could see his face
    She turned from herself and learned to listen to others' needs
  28. (verb, motion) pass to the other side of
    move around the obstacle
  29. (verb, motion) channel one's attention, interest, thought, or attention toward or away from something
    people turn to mysticism at the turn of a millennium
  30. (verb, motion) to send or let go
  31. (verb, motion) cause to move around a center so as to show another side of
  32. (verb, motion) cause to move around or rotate
    turn your palm this way
  33. (verb, motion) cause to move along an axis or into a new direction
    turn the car around
    turn your dance partner around
  34. (verb, motion) move around an axis or a center
  35. (verb, possession) get by buying and selling
  36. (verb, social) accomplish by rotating
    turn cartwheels
  37. (verb, stative) undergo a change or development
    Her former friend became her worst enemy
    He turned traitor
  38. (verb, stative) cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics
    The alchemists tried to turn lead into gold

via WordNet, Princeton University

Alternate forms of Turn

Derivations: turn, turner, turnery, turning

Hyponyms: about-face, acetify, acidify, add up, alkalify, alkalise, alkalize, alternate, ameliorate, amount, apparel, arouse, at-bat, attack, avert, awake, awaken, bald, basify, bat, be born, become, bend, better, bight, black out, boil, boil down, bottom, bottom of the inning, break, break loose, bring about, burn, burst forth, buy the farm, calcify, calm, calm down, caracole, carbonise, carbonize, carburise, carburize, carnify, cash in one's chips, catalyse, catalyze, catch fire, chill, chill out, choke, chondrify, circumvolve, citrate, clabber, close, clot, clothe, cloud over, coagulate, coil, coke, combust, come, come alive, come down, come to, coming back, commutate, commute, conceive, concentrate, conflagrate, conk, convolute, convolve, cool, cool down, cool it, cool off, corkscrew, corner, correct, crank, croak, cross-fertilise, cross-fertilize, curdle, curve, cut, decease, decline, decompress, deconsecrate, deflate, deflect, deflection, deflexion, denitrify, dent, desecrate, desynchronise, desynchronize, deviate, deviation, die, digression, discharge, disengage, disk, dissolve, divagation, diversion, divert, down, dress, drop dead, emaciate, emancipate, empty, emulsify, enclothe, equilibrate, erupt, esterify, etherify, evert, exchange, exit, expire, explode, face, fade away, fade out, fall, falsify, ferment, fill, fill up, fit out, flip, flip over, flip-flop, flourish, fluctuate, fly high, freeze, frenchify, gain, garb, garment, gee, get, get into, get worse, give-up the ghost, gnarl, go, go around, gyrate, gyration, habilitate, harrow, heat, heat up, homogenise, homogenize, hot up, ignite, improve, incurvate, indent, innings, inspissate, integrate, interchange, ionise, ionize, kick the bucket, kick turn, lead, leaf, left, liberate, liquefy, loosen up, lose weight, meliorate, melt off, metamorphose, move, nucleate, open, open up, ossify, overgrow, overturn, pass, pass away, pass out, perish, permute, pivot, pop off, port, precipitate, pronate, prosper, put on, raiment, react, rectify, reduce, regress, relapse, relax, reorient, resuscitate, retrovert, return, reversal, revert, revive, revolution, revolve, ridge, right, roll, roll over, rotate, rotation, ruff, secularise, secularize, settle down, sheer, show-stopper, showstopper, shut, simmer down, slenderize, slew, slim, slim down, slow down, slue, snuff it, solvate, sorb, sour, spiral, splay, spread out, start, starting, stem, stem turn, stopper, suffocate, supinate, swerve, swerving, swing about, swing around, switch, switch over, swivel, tack, take fire, take up, tangle with, telemark, tense, tense up, thicken, thin, three-point turn, thrive, thrombose, throw, tip over, tog, top, top of the inning, toss, transfigure, transmogrify, transpose, trend, trick, trumping, tump over, turn, turn around, turn away, turn back, turn off, turn on a dime, turn out, turn over, turn the tables, turn the tide, twiddle, twist, unbend, undo, unhallow, unwind, veer, veering, version, volution, wake, wake up, waken, work, worsen, yaw, zonk out

Hypernyms: acquire, activity, age, aim, alter, appeal, change, change form, change of course, change of direction, change shape, change state, channel, channelise, channelize, color, colour, control, curve, curved shape, deform, development, direct, discolor, discolour, displace, division, do, duty period, favor, favour, form, get, get on, go, grow, injure, invoke, locomote, maturate, mature, metamorphose, modify, motion, move, movement, operate, part, perform, performance, public presentation, reorientation, rotary motion, rotation, section, send, senesce, shape, shift, take, take aim, till, train, transfer, transform, transmit, transmute, transport, travel, turn, walk, work shift, wound

Origin of the word Turn

  1. late O.E. turnian "to rotate, revolve," in part also from O.Fr. torner "to turn," both from L. tornare "turn on a lathe," from tornus "lathe," from Gk. tornos "lathe, tool for drawing circles," from PIE base *ter- "to rub, rub by turning, turn, twist" (see throw). Expression to turn (something) into (something else) probably reta… more
  2. mid-13c., "action of rotation," from Anglo-Fr. tourn (O.Fr. tour), from L. tornus "turning lathe;" also partly a noun of action from turn (v.). Meaning "an act of turning, a single revolution or part of a revolution" is attested from late 15c. Sense of "place of bending" (in a road, river, etc.) is recorded from early 15c. Meaning "beginning of a period of … more

via Online Etymology Dictionary, ©2001 Douglas Harper

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